In this video, Felicia talks about the differences between mobile vs manufactured vs modular homes. If you’re looking to understand the disadvantages of modular homes or manufactured homes, knowing the difference between the 3 will help you understand the pros and cons of each.
From the video:
Are you looking to buy that perfect piece of land for your next manufactured home? Or modular home? Or mobile home? Hang on, what’s the difference?
My name is Felicia I’m a land investor and a partner at Compass Land USA.
We’ve bought and sold hundreds of properties across the US.
I’m going to go over the differences and DISADVANTAGES of a modular, mobile, and manufactured home, so you understand each one and you know which one you want on your next piece of land.
Not knowing the difference between these can cost you thousands of dollars, and totally derail your land investment, so you want to make sure you understand that to avoid lots of disappointment down the road.
Let’s start with a mobile home. These became popular as an affordable housing option post WW2. You can kind of get a sense of that from the image on Curbed.
- Made before 1976
- Often also referred to as a trailer
- No HUD insignia ❌
- Not allowed in a lot of counties ❌
A mobile home is actually a manufactured home built before 1976. In 1976, the government came up with the Mobile Home Construction and Safety Act.
After this act was passed, all mobile homes had to pass the housing and urban development (HUD) code. HUD is a national standard and requires manufactured homes to have things like a permanent steel frame, dictate the minimum size for a manufactured home, ceiling heights, how many doors and windows, stuff like that.
So before 1976, it’s a mobile home and it was not subject to HUD code.
After 1976, it’s now called a manufactured home, and it had to pass the HUD code, and has the little HUD insignia on it for passing.
That’s what a mobile home is, a predecessor to the manufactured home. It’s really easy to confuse these 2, and unfortunately not everyone follows the same definition.
So when you’re buying land for a mobile or manufactured home, you want to give the county Building Department a call and make sure you guys are on the same page.
An important note here is that a lot of counties will not allow mobile homes, which is a huge disadvantage if you already own one, only manufactured homes. So you want to make sure you clarify with them.
Ok, you’re good with mobile homes. Now let’s focus a bit more on manufactured homes.
- Made after 1976
- HUD insignia upon meeting criteria ✅
- Counties like these more than mobiles!
- Delivered in a few large, pre-assembled pieces
Manufactured homes are built in a factory, and are a fraction of the cost of a traditional, stick built home.
You can customize these with all kinds of stuff, like hardwood floors, granite countertops, you can get pretty fancy with them. I’ve heard of people getting 2 story homes, high-pitched roofs, big porches.
For example this page shows a couple of Florida manufactured home listings, and you can see they can get pretty glamorous.
If you’ve ever custom-built a manufactured home, leave a comment below and let me know how that went. I’ve never done it myself so I’m curious to know. 🙂
Remember, they will be subject to HUD codes, and will have the HUD insignia sticker on them when they’ve been certified.
The HUD changes every couple of years, it’s not set in stone, so that’s something to be aware of if you’re thinking long-term for the resale value. So if the HUD changes and your manufactured home is out of spec, it could decrease the value of it.
When you go to purchase your manufactured home, it will come in a just a few very large sections.
The number of sections will depend on whether you want a single wide or a double wide.
So it’ll get delivered to you on a couple of low boys and they’ll finish assembling it for you on your property.
Whether or not the manufactured home is adhered to a permanent foundation depends on the county requirements. Sometimes these homes are just put on a concrete or limestone pad. Depending on the area, they might add hurricane straps to keep it in place.
If you’re purchasing a manufactured home to bring onto your land, I think it’s just hard money lending, I don’t think there’s a special type of loan for that situation. Check with the company you’re getting the manufactured home from, and then cross-check what they tell you with your bank.
- NOT subject to HUD → subject to state level codes
- Delivered in many pieces (frame, windows, doors, etc) and assembled on site
A modular home is also built in a factory, and has lots of options for upgrades and customizations.
The main difference between manufactured and modular homes is that modular homes get built in a bunch of little pieces, it’s more similar to a stick built house.
So all the pieces show up, like frames, windows, doors, and then they assemble it all together on your property.
This is different from manufactured homes which are delivered in one or two big sections, pretty much already built and completed, and simply placed on your property.
Modular homes are governed by local state building codes, unlike manufactured homes which are governed by HUD at the national level.
State and HUD requirements are not the same.
If you need financing for a modular home, I’m pretty sure it would fall under a new construction loan. Check with your bank or the modular home company you’re purchasing from and see what they advise.
Both of these options are less expensive than a site-built home.
If you’re buying land for the purpose of getting a manufactured or mobile home on it, there are a few costs you need to be aware of:
- platform or pad construction (if required)
- septic system permit and install
- building permits – which you still need to get, even though you’re not doing a site-built home
- bringing electricity to the property, or connecting it to an existing power line (or solar, if allowed)
- permit and install for drilling a well
And I’m sure I’m missing a few. But this is a starting list anyway.
Ok so there we have it! You know the difference between mobile, manufactured, and modular homes. And have a rough idea of what it means to bring one of these options onto your land.
I hope you found this video helpful! If you made it this far, thank you so much for watching.
Please don’t forget to leave a comment, let me know if this was useful for you. And make sure you subscribe to our channel. We do lots of informative land buying related videos like this as well as pretty cool custom property tour videos.
Thank you so much for watching, and I’ll talk to you soon. 🙂
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